Yum China Reports First Quarter 2023 Results
05/02/2023 at 4:30 PM EDT

Record first quarter performance – Total Revenues reached $2.92 billion and Operating Profit reached $416 million
Total Revenues grew 9%; System Sales grew 17% and Same-store Sales grew 8% in constant currency
Operating Profit increased 118% year over year, attributed to sales leveraging and margin expansion

SHANGHAI, May 2, 2023 /PRNewswire/ -- Yum China Holdings, Inc. (the "Company" or "Yum China") (NYSE: YUMC and HKEX: 9987) today reported unaudited results for the first quarter ended March 31, 2023.

First Quarter Highlights

  • Total revenues increased 9% year over year to $2.92 billion from $2.67 billion (an 18% increase excluding foreign currency translation ("F/X")).
  • Total system sales increased 17% year over year, with increases of 17% at both KFC and Pizza Hut, excluding F/X. Growth was mainly attributable to same-store sales growth, new unit contribution and lapping of temporary store closures in the prior year.
  • Same-store sales increased 8% year over year, with increases of 8% at KFC and 7% at Pizza Hut, excluding F/X.
  • Opened 233 net new stores during the quarter; total store count reached 13,180 as of March 31, 2023.
  • Operating Profit increased 118% year over year to $416 million from $191 million (a 134% increase excluding F/X), primarily driven by sales leveraging and margin expansion.
  • Adjusted Operating Profit increased 117% year over year to $419 million from $193 million (a 133% increase excluding F/X).
  • Restaurant margin was 20.3%, compared with 13.8% in the prior year period.
  • Effective tax rate was 28.5%.
  • Net Income increased 189% to $289 million from $100 million in the prior year period, primarily due to the increase in Operating Profit.
  • Adjusted Net Income increased 186% to $292 million from $102 million in the prior year period (a 131% increase excluding the net losses of $14 million and $30 million in the first quarter of 2023 and 2022, respectively, from our mark-to-market equity investments; a 148% increase if further excluding F/X).
  • Diluted EPS increased 196% to $0.68 from $0.23 in the prior year period.
  • Adjusted Diluted EPS increased 188% to $0.69 from $0.24 in the prior year period (a 132% increase excluding the net losses from our mark-to-market equity investments in the first quarter of 2023 and 2022; a 148% increase if further excluding F/X).

Key Financial Results

 

First Quarter 2023

 
 

% Change

 
 

System Sales

 

Same-Store Sales

 

Net New Units

 

Operating Profit

 

Yum China

+17

 

+8

 

+9

 

+118

 

   KFC

+17

 

+8

 

+9

 

+91

 

   Pizza Hut

+17

 

+7

 

+11

 

+85

 

 

   

First Quarter

 

(in US$ million, except

           

% Change

 

per share data and percentages)

 

2023

   

2022

 

Reported

 

Ex F/X

 

Operating Profit

$

416

 

$

191

 

+118

 

+134

 

Adjusted Operating Profit(1)

$

419

 

$

193

 

+117

 

+133

 

Net Income

$

289

 

$

100

 

+189

 

+212

 

Adjusted Net Income(1)

$

292

 

$

102

 

+186

 

+207

 

Basic Earnings Per Common Share

$

0.69

 

$

0.23

 

+200

 

+222

 

Adjusted Basic Earnings Per Common Share(1)

$

0.70

 

$

0.24

 

+192

 

+213

 

Diluted Earnings Per Common Share

$

0.68

 

$

0.23

 

+196

 

+222

 

Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Common Share(1)

$

0.69

 

$

0.24

 

+188

 

+208

 

(1) See "Reconciliation of Reported GAAP Results to non-GAAP Adjusted Measures" included in the accompanying tables of this release for further details.
Note:  All comparisons are versus the same period a year ago.
Percentages may not recompute due to rounding.
System sales and same-store sales percentages exclude the impact of F/X. Effective January 1, 2018, temporary store closures are normalized in the same-store sales calculation by excluding the period during which stores are temporarily closed.

CEO and CFO Comments

Joey Wat, CEO of Yum China, commented, "We are pleased to have set new first quarter records for revenues and operating profit. I want to recognize all of our employees whose unwavering dedication has been instrumental in delivering this performance. We started the new year with low visibility into how conditions would unfold. The operating environment was fluid with lingering COVID outbreaks. Through our team's hard work, scenario planning and laser focus to drive sales, we successfully capitalized on critical trading during the Chinese New Year ("CNY") holiday period. Offering delicious food and superior value served us well. We added juicy whole chicken to KFC's signature Golden Bucket to capture at-home consumption around family reunions. Creative twists to our classic Beef Wrap and Supreme Pizza delighted local taste buds. We also fueled traffic with compelling value promotions, including Crazy Thursday, weekday value combos and weekend buy-more-save-more."  

Wat continued, "Our performance was enabled by the execution of our RGM (Resilience-Growth-Moat) strategy over the past few years. Today, we are more agile and responsive to the dynamic operating environment. Our robust digital ecosystem has continued to unleash our capabilities in running the entire business, from customer engagement to restaurant operation and supply chain. By planning for multiple scenarios for CNY and incorporating regional variances, we were able to effectively deploy resources as opportunities arose. In addition, we enhanced labor productivity with innovative approaches such as management sharing across stores. As we progress through 2023, we plan to stay nimble to the evolving market conditions. At the same time, we will focus on building sales momentum, expanding our store network, and fortifying our competitive moat to position Yum China for sustainable growth."

Andy Yeung, CFO of Yum China, added, "First quarter sales rebounded significantly year over year and sequentially. Our efforts to focus on driving sales were rewarded, as the country pivoted from strict COVID measures. Margins also improved substantially, benefitting from sales leveraging, cost structure rebasing, and temporary relief from the government and landlords. However, we are still in the early stages of recovery. Sales during the CNY trading period were buoyed by pent-up travel demand, yet same-store sales post-CNY have remained at teens level below 2019. Therefore, driving sales remains our top priority for this year. Consumers are looking for value, so value campaigns would be an important tool to drive store traffic and sales. On the cost side, we expect inflationary pressures to be gradually built-up and the benefit from temporary relief to be phased out over the coming quarters. The pace and the trajectory of the recovery remain uncertain, given the challenging macroeconomic conditions and the lingering effects of the pandemic. Nevertheless, we are confident that with vigorous scenario planning, more flexible cost structures and operational agilities, we can seize opportunities in good times and stay resilient in challenging times."

Share Repurchases and Dividends

  • During the first quarter, we repurchased approximately 1.0 million shares of Yum China common stock for $62 million at an average price of $60.30 per share. As of March 31, 2023, approximately $1.1 billion remained available for future share repurchases under the current authorization.
  • The Board declared a cash dividend of $0.13 per share on Yum China's common stock, payable on June 20, 2023 to shareholders of record as of the close of business on May 30, 2023.

Digital and Delivery

  • The KFC and Pizza Hut loyalty programs exceeded 430 million members combined, as of quarter-end. Member sales accounted for approximately 64% of system sales in the first quarter of 2023.
  • Delivery contributed approximately 36% of KFC and Pizza Hut's Company sales in the first quarter of 2023, on par with the prior year period. Delivery sales continued to grow even as dine-in traffic improved.
  • Digital orders, including delivery, mobile orders and kiosk orders, accounted for approximately 89% of KFC and Pizza Hut's Company sales in the first quarter of 2023.

KFC and Pizza Hut Total

 

First Quarter

 
   

2023

 

2022

 

Member count (as of period-end)

 

430 million+

 

370 million+

 

Member sales as % of system sales

 

~64%

 

~62%

 

Delivery as % of Company sales

 

~36%

 

~36%

 

Digital orders as % of Company sales

 

~89%

 

~88%

 

 

New-Unit Development and Asset Upgrade

  • The Company opened 233 net new stores in the first quarter of 2023, mainly driven by development of the KFC and Pizza Hut brands.
  • The Company remodeled 83 stores in the first quarter of 2023.
   

Net New Units

   

Restaurant Count

 
   

First Quarter

   

As of March 31

 
   

2023

   

2023

 

2022

 

Yum China

 

233

   

13,180

 

12,117

 

   KFC

 

145

   

9,239

 

8,441

 

   Pizza Hut

 

80

   

2,983

 

2,679

 

   Others(2)

 

8

   

958

 

997

 

(2) Others include Taco Bell, Lavazza, Little Sheep, Huang Ji Huang, and, for 2022, COFFii & JOY.

Restaurant Margin

  • Restaurant margin was 20.3% in the first quarter of 2023, compared with 13.8% in the prior year period, primarily driven by sales leveraging, higher labor productivity and operational efficiency, and temporary relief, partially offset by higher promotion cost and wage inflation.
 

First Quarter

 
   

2023

 

2022

 

ppts change

 

Yum China

 

20.3 %

 

13.8 %

 

+6.5

 

   KFC

 

22.2 %

 

15.2 %

 

+7.0

 

   Pizza Hut

 

14.2 %

 

10.7 %

 

+3.5

 

 

2023 Outlook

The Company's fiscal year 2023 targets remain unchanged:

  • To open approximately 1,100 to 1,300 net new stores.
  • To make capital expenditures in the range of approximately $700 million to $900 million.

Other Updates

  • The Company recently published its 2022 Sustainability Report, which outlines the Company's commitment to environmental and social responsibility and the Company's progress against its sustainability goals.

Note on Non-GAAP Measures

Reported GAAP results include Special Items, which are excluded from non-GAAP adjusted measures. Special Items are not allocated to any segment and therefore only impact reported GAAP results of Yum China. See "Reconciliation of Reported GAAP Results to Non-GAAP Adjusted Measures" within this release. In addition, for the non-GAAP measures of Restaurant profit and Restaurant margin, see "Reconciliation of GAAP Operating Profit to Restaurant Profit" under "Segment Results" within this release.

Conference Call

Yum China's management will hold an earnings conference call at 8:00 p.m. U.S. Eastern Time on Tuesday, May 2, 2023 (8:00 a.m. Beijing/Hong Kong Time on Wednesday, May 3, 2023).  

A live webcast of the call may be accessed at https://edge.media-server.com/mmc/p/x72ajhoq.

To join by phone, please register in advance of the conference through the link provided below. Upon registering, you will be provided with participant dial-in numbers, a passcode and a unique access PIN.

Pre-registration Link:              https://s1.c-conf.com/diamondpass/10029676-te54kl.html

A replay of the conference call will be available one hour after the call ends until Wednesday, May 10, 2023 and may be accessed by phone at the following numbers:

U.S.: 1 855 883 1031

Mainland China: 400 1209 216

Hong Kong: 800 930 639

U.K. 0800 031 4295

Replay access code: 10029676

Additionally, this earnings release, the accompanying slides, a live webcast and an archived webcast of this conference call will be available at Yum China's Investor Relations website at http://ir.yumchina.com

For important news and information regarding Yum China, including our filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission and the Hong Kong Stock Exchange, visit Yum China's Investor Relations website at http://ir.yumchina.com. Yum China uses this website as a primary channel for disclosing key information to its investors, some of which may contain material and previously non-public information.

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, including under "2023 Outlook." We intend all forward-looking statements to be covered by the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements generally can be identified by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts and by the use of forward-looking words such as "expect," "expectation," "believe," "anticipate," "may," "could," "intend," "belief," "plan," "estimate," "target," "predict," "project," "likely," "will," "continue," "should," "forecast," "outlook," "commit" or similar terminology. These statements are based on current estimates and assumptions made by us in light of our experience and perception of historical trends, current conditions and expected future developments, as well as other factors that we believe are appropriate and reasonable under the circumstances, but there can be no assurance that such estimates and assumptions will prove to be correct. Forward-looking statements include, without limitation, statements regarding the future strategies, growth, business plans, investment, dividend and share repurchase plans, earnings, performance and returns of Yum China, anticipated effects of population and macroeconomic trends, the expected impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, pace of recovery of Yum China's business, the anticipated effects of our innovation, digital and delivery capabilities and investments on growth and beliefs regarding the long-term drivers of Yum China's business. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of performance and are inherently subject to known and unknown risks and uncertainties that are difficult to predict and could cause our actual results or events to differ materially from those indicated by those statements. We cannot assure you that any of our expectations, estimates or assumptions will be achieved. The forward-looking statements included in this press release are only made as of the date of this press release, and we disclaim any obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statement to reflect subsequent events or circumstances, except as required by law. Numerous factors could cause our actual results or events to differ materially from those expressed or implied by forward-looking statements, including, without limitation: whether we are able to achieve development goals at the times and in the amounts currently anticipated, if at all, the success of our marketing campaigns and product innovation, our ability to maintain food safety and quality control systems, changes in public health conditions, including the COVID-19 pandemic, our ability to control costs and expenses, including tax costs, as well as changes in political, economic and regulatory conditions in China. In addition, other risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently believe to be immaterial could affect the accuracy of any such forward-looking statements. All forward-looking statements should be evaluated with the understanding of their inherent uncertainty. You should consult our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (including the information set forth under the captions "Risk Factors" and "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K and subsequent Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q) for additional detail about factors that could affect our financial and other results.

About Yum China Holdings, Inc.

Yum China is the largest restaurant company in China with a mission to make every life taste beautiful. The Company has over 400,000 employees and operates over 13,000 restaurants under six brands across 1,800 cities in China. KFC and Pizza Hut are the leading brands in the quick-service and casual dining restaurant spaces in China, respectively. Taco Bell offers innovative Mexican-inspired food. Yum China has also partnered with Lavazza to develop the Lavazza coffee concept in China. Little Sheep and Huang Ji Huang specialize in Chinese cuisine. Yum China has a world-class, digitalized supply chain which includes an extensive network of logistics centers nationwide and an in-house supply chain management system. Its strong digital capabilities and loyalty program enable the Company to reach customers faster and serve them better. Yum China is a Fortune 500 company with the vision to be the world's most innovative pioneer in the restaurant industry. For more information, please visit http://ir.yumchina.com

Investor Relations Contact:

   

Tel: +86 21 2407 7556 / +852 2267 5801

IR@YumChina.com   

 

     

Media Contact:

   

Tel: +86 21 2407 7510

Media@YumChina.com

 

 

Yum China Holdings, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income

(in US$ million, except per share data)

(unaudited)

 
   

Quarter Ended

   

% Change

   

3/31/2023

   

3/31/2022

   

B/(W)

Revenues

                   

Company sales

 

$

2,772

   

$

2,548

     

9

   

Franchise fees and income

   

25

     

24

     

1

   

Revenues from transactions with franchisees

   

93

     

77

     

21

   

Other revenues

   

27

     

19

     

43

   

Total revenues

   

2,917

     

2,668

     

9

   

Costs and Expenses, Net

                   

Company restaurants

                   

Food and paper

   

835

     

792

     

(6)

   

Payroll and employee benefits

   

683

     

667

     

(2)

   

Occupancy and other operating expenses

   

691

     

738

     

6

   

Company restaurant expenses

   

2,209

     

2,197

     

(1)

   

General and administrative expenses

   

163

     

151

     

(8)

   

Franchise expenses

   

10

     

10

     

3

   

Expenses for transactions with franchisees

   

91

     

75

     

(21)

   

Other operating costs and expenses

   

24

     

17

     

(44)

   

Closures and impairment expenses, net

   

3

     

2

     

(48)

   

Other expenses, net

   

1

     

25

     

96

   

Total costs and expenses, net

   

2,501

     

2,477

     

(1)

   

Operating Profit

   

416

     

191

     

118

   

Interest income, net

   

38

     

12

     

224

   

Investment loss

   

(17)

     

(37)

     

54

   

Income Before Income Taxes and
  Equity in Net Earnings (Losses) from
  Equity Method Investments

   

437

     

166

     

164

   

Income tax provision

   

(125)

     

(55)

     

(127)

   

Equity in net earnings (losses) from
   equity method investments

   

1

     

(1)

   

NM

   

Net income – including noncontrolling interests

   

313

     

110

     

184

   

Net income – noncontrolling interests

   

24

     

10

     

(136)

   

Net Income – Yum China Holdings, Inc.

 

$

289

   

$

100

     

189

   

Effective tax rate

   

28.5

%

   

33.1

%

   

4.6

 

ppts.

                     

Basic Earnings Per Common Share

 

$

0.69

   

$

0.23

         

Weighted-average shares outstanding
    (in millions)

   

418

     

426

         
                     

Diluted Earnings Per Common Share

 

$

0.68

   

$

0.23

         

Weighted-average shares outstanding
    (in millions)

   

423

     

430

         
                     

Company sales

   

100.0

%

   

100.0

%

       

Food and paper

   

30.1

     

31.1

     

1.0

 

ppts.

Payroll and employee benefits

   

24.6

     

26.2

     

1.6

 

ppts.

Occupancy and other operating expenses

   

25.0

     

28.9

     

3.9

 

ppts.

Restaurant margin

   

20.3

%

   

13.8

%

   

6.5

 

ppts.

Operating margin

   

15.0

%

   

7.5

%

   

7.5

 

ppts.

Percentages may not recompute due to rounding. NM refers to not meaningful.

 

 

Yum China Holdings, Inc.

KFC Operating Results

(in US$ million)

(unaudited)

 
   

Quarter Ended

   

% Change

   

3/31/2023

   

3/31/2022

   

B/(W)

Revenues

                   

Company sales

 

$

2,166

   

$

1,991

     

9

   

Franchise fees and income

   

17

     

16

     

5

   

Revenues from transactions with franchisees

   

10

     

8

     

29

   

Other revenues

   

5

     

2

     

195

   

Total revenues

   

2,198

     

2,017

     

9

   

Costs and Expenses, Net

                   

Company restaurants

                   

Food and paper

   

646

     

621

     

(4)

   

Payroll and employee benefits

   

512

     

501

     

(2)

   

Occupancy and other operating expenses

   

527

     

567

     

7

   

Company restaurant expenses

   

1,685

     

1,689

     

   

General and administrative expenses

   

68

     

65

     

(4)

   

Franchise expenses

   

9

     

9

     

4

   

Expenses for transactions with franchisees

   

9

     

8

     

(25)

   

Other operating costs and expenses

   

4

     

1

     

(295)

   

Closures and impairment expenses (income), net

   

1

     

(1)

   

NM

   

Other expenses, net

   

2

     

26

     

92

   

Total costs and expenses, net

   

1,778

     

1,797

     

1

   

Operating Profit

 

$

420

   

$

220

     

91

   

Company sales

   

100.0

%

   

100.0

%

       

Food and paper

   

29.8

     

31.2

     

1.4

 

ppts.

Payroll and employee benefits

   

23.6

     

25.2

     

1.6

 

ppts.

Occupancy and other operating expenses

   

24.4

     

28.4

     

4.0

 

ppts.

Restaurant margin

   

22.2

%

   

15.2

%

   

7.0

 

ppts.

Operating margin

   

19.4

%

   

11.1

%

   

8.3

 

ppts.

Percentages may not recompute due to rounding. NM refers to not meaningful.

 

 

Yum China Holdings, Inc.

Pizza Hut Operating Results

(in US$ million)

(unaudited)

 
   

Quarter Ended

   

% Change

   

3/31/2023

   

3/31/2022

   

B/(W)

Revenues

                   

Company sales

 

$

591

   

$

542

     

9

   

Franchise fees and income

   

2

     

2

     

2

   

Revenues from transactions with franchisees

   

1

     

1

     

7

   

Other revenues

   

3

     

2

     

88

   

Total revenues

   

597

     

547

     

9

   

Costs and Expenses, Net

                   

Company restaurants

                   

Food and paper

   

184

     

166

     

(11)

   

Payroll and employee benefits

   

167

     

157

     

(6)

   

Occupancy and other operating expenses

   

156

     

161

     

3

   

Company restaurant expenses

   

507

     

484

     

(5)

   

General and administrative expenses

   

29

     

29

     

(1)

   

Franchise expenses

   

1

     

1

     

(1)

   

Expenses for transactions with franchisees

   

1

     

1

     

(5)

   

Other operating costs and expenses

   

3

     

1

     

(75)

   

Closures and impairment expenses, net

   

1

     

1

     

(82)

   

Total costs and expenses, net

   

542

     

517

     

(5)

   

Operating Profit

 

$

55

   

$

30

     

85

   

Company sales

   

100.0

%

   

100.0

%

       

Food and paper

   

31.2

     

30.6

     

(0.6)

 

ppts.

Payroll and employee benefits

   

28.2

     

28.9

     

0.7

 

ppts.

Occupancy and other operating expenses

   

26.4

     

29.8

     

3.4

 

ppts.

Restaurant margin

   

14.2

%

   

10.7

%

   

3.5

 

ppts.

Operating margin

   

9.3

%

   

5.5

%

   

3.8

 

ppts.

Percentages may not recompute due to rounding. NM refers to not meaningful.

 

 

Yum China Holdings, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(in US$ million)

 
 
   

3/31/2023

   

12/31/2022

 
   

(Unaudited)

       

ASSETS

           

Current Assets

           

Cash and cash equivalents

 

$

1,111

   

$

1,130

 

Short-term investments

   

1,870

     

2,022

 

Accounts receivable, net

   

59

     

64

 

Inventories, net

   

378

     

417

 

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

   

296

     

307

 

Total Current Assets

   

3,714

     

3,940

 

Property, plant and equipment, net

   

2,114

     

2,118

 

Operating lease right-of-use assets

   

2,172

     

2,219

 

Goodwill

   

1,995

     

1,988

 

Intangible assets, net

   

157

     

159

 

Long-term bank deposits and notes

   

1,094

     

680

 

Equity investments

   

346

     

361

 

Deferred income tax assets

   

93

     

113

 

Other assets

   

278

     

248

 

Total Assets

   

11,963

     

11,826

 
             

LIABILITIES, REDEEMABLE NONCONTROLLING INTEREST AND EQUITY

           

Current Liabilities

           

Accounts payable and other current liabilities

   

1,957

     

2,098

 

Income taxes payable

   

143

     

68

 

Total Current Liabilities

   

2,100

     

2,166

 

Non-current operating lease liabilities

   

1,864

     

1,906

 

Non-current finance lease liabilities

   

41

     

42

 

Deferred income tax liabilities

   

378

     

390

 

Other liabilities

   

164

     

162

 

Total Liabilities

   

4,547

     

4,666

 
             

Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest

   

12

     

12

 
             

Equity

           

Common stock,  $0.01 par value; 1,000 million shares authorized;
       418 million shares and 419 million shares issued and outstanding
       at March 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively

   

4

     

4

 

Additional paid-in capital

   

4,391

     

4,390

 

Retained earnings

   

2,374

     

2,191

 

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

   

(91)

     

(103)

 

Total Yum China Holdings, Inc. Stockholders' Equity

   

6,678

     

6,482

 

Noncontrolling interests

   

726

     

666

 

Total Equity

   

7,404

     

7,148

 

Total Liabilities, Redeemable Noncontrolling Interest and Equity

 

$

11,963

   

$

11,826

 
             

 

 

Yum China Holdings, Inc.

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(in US$ million)

(unaudited)

 
   

Quarter Ended

   

3/31/2023

 

3/31/2022

 Cash Flows – Operating Activities

               

 Net income – including noncontrolling interests

 

$

313

     

$

110

   

 Depreciation and amortization

   

116

       

164

   

 Non-cash operating lease cost

   

102

       

120

   

 Closures and impairment expenses

   

3

       

2

   

 Investment loss

   

17

       

37

   

 Equity in net (earnings) losses from equity method investments

   

(1)

       

1

   

 Distributions of income received from equity method investments

   

4

       

   

 Deferred income taxes

   

7

       

1

   

 Share-based compensation expense

   

13

       

11

   

 Changes in accounts receivable

   

5

       

(2)

   

 Changes in inventories

   

40

       

88

   

 Changes in prepaid expenses, other current assets and VAT assets

   

12

       

38

   

 Changes in accounts payable and other current liabilities

   

(93)

       

(322)

   

 Changes in income taxes payable

   

75

       

26

   

 Changes in non-current operating lease liabilities

   

(94)

       

(106)

   

 Other, net

   

(12)

       

3

   

 Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities

   

507

       

171

   

 Cash Flows – Investing Activities

               

 Capital spending

   

(179)

       

(205)

   

 Purchases of short-term investments, long-term bank deposits and notes

   

(1,378)

       

(1,041)

   

 Maturities of short-term investments, long-term bank deposits and notes

   

1,126

       

1,281

   

 Acquisition of business, net of cash acquired

   

       

(23)

   

 Other, net

   

2

       

1

   

 Net Cash (Used in) Provided by Investing Activities

   

(429)

       

13

   

 Cash Flows – Financing Activities

               

 Repurchase of shares of common stock

   

(60)

       

(224)

   

 Cash dividends paid on common stock

   

(54)

       

(51)

   

 Dividends paid to noncontrolling interests

   

(15)

       

(17)

   

 Contribution from noncontrolling interests

   

35

       

18

   

 Other, net

   

(5)

       

   

 Net Cash Used in Financing Activities

   

(99)

       

(274)

   

 Effect of Exchange Rates on Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash

   

2

       

1

   

 Net Decrease in Cash, Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash

   

(19)

       

(89)

   

 Cash, Cash Equivalents, and Restricted Cash - Beginning of Period

   

1,130

       

1,136

   

 Cash, Cash Equivalents, and Restricted Cash - End of Period

 

$

1,111

     

$

1,047

   

 

In this press release:

  • The Company provides certain percentage changes excluding the impact of foreign currency translation ("F/X"). These amounts are derived by translating current year results at prior year average exchange rates. We believe the elimination of the F/X impact provides better year-to-year comparability without the distortion of foreign currency fluctuations.
  • System sales growth reflects the results of all restaurants regardless of ownership, including Company-owned, franchise and unconsolidated affiliate restaurants that operate our restaurant concepts, except for non-Company-owned restaurants for which we do not receive a sales-based royalty. Sales of franchise and unconsolidated affiliate restaurants typically generate ongoing franchise fees for the Company at an average rate of approximately 6% of system sales. Franchise and unconsolidated affiliate restaurant sales are not included in Company sales in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income; however, the franchise fees are included in the Company's revenues. We believe system sales growth is useful to investors as a significant indicator of the overall strength of our business as it incorporates all of our revenue drivers, Company and franchise same-store sales as well as net unit growth.
  • Effective January 1, 2018, the Company revised its definition of same-store sales growth to represent the estimated percentage change in sales of food of all restaurants in the Company system that have been open prior to the first day of our prior fiscal year, excluding the period during which stores are temporarily closed. We refer to these as our "base" stores. Previously, same-store sales growth represented the estimated percentage change in sales of all restaurants in the Company system that have been open for one year or more, including stores temporarily closed, and the base stores changed on a rolling basis from month to month. This revision was made to align with how management measures performance internally and focuses on trends of a more stable base of stores.
  • Company sales represent revenues from Company-owned restaurants. Company Restaurant profit ("Restaurant profit") is defined as Company sales less expenses incurred directly by our Company-owned restaurants in generating Company sales, including cost of food and paper, restaurant-level payroll and employee benefits, rent, depreciation and amortization of restaurant-level assets, advertising expenses, and other operating expenses. Company restaurant margin percentage is defined as Restaurant profit divided by Company sales.
  • Certain comparative items in the Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements have been reclassified to conform to the current period's presentation to facilitate comparison.

Reconciliation of Reported GAAP Results to Non-GAAP Adjusted Measures

(in millions, except per share data)

(unaudited)

In addition to the results provided in accordance with U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ("GAAP") in this press release, the Company provides non-GAAP measures adjusted for Special Items, which include Adjusted Operating Profit, Adjusted Net Income, Adjusted Earnings Per Common Share ("EPS"), Adjusted Effective Tax Rate and Adjusted EBITDA, which we define as net income including noncontrolling interests adjusted for equity in net earnings (losses) from equity method investments, income tax, interest income, net, investment gain or loss, certain non-cash expenses, consisting of depreciation and amortization as well as store impairment charges, and Special Items. We also use Restaurant profit and Restaurant margin (as defined above) for the purposes of internally evaluating the performance of our Company-owned restaurants and we believe Restaurant profit and Restaurant margin provide useful information to investors as to the profitability of our Company-owned restaurants.

The following table set forth the reconciliation of the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures to the non-GAAP adjusted financial measures. The reconciliation of GAAP Operating Profit to Restaurant Profit is presented in Segment Results within this release.

   

Quarter Ended

   
   

3/31/2023

   

3/31/2022

   
               

Non-GAAP Reconciliations

             
               

Reconciliation of Operating Profit to Adjusted Operating Profit

             

Operating Profit

 

$

416

   

$

191

   

Special Items, Operating Profit

   

(3)

     

(2)

   

Adjusted Operating Profit

 

$

419

   

$

193

   

Reconciliation of Net Income to Adjusted Net Income

             

Net Income – Yum China Holdings, Inc.

 

$

289

   

$

100

   

Special Items, Net Income –Yum China Holdings, Inc.

   

(3)

     

(2)

   

Adjusted Net Income – Yum China Holdings, Inc.

 

$

292

   

$

102

   

Reconciliation of EPS to Adjusted EPS

             

Basic Earnings Per Common Share

 

$

0.69

   

$

0.23

   

Special Items, Basic Earnings Per Common Share

   

(0.01)

     

(0.01)

   

Adjusted Basic Earnings Per Common Share

 

$

0.70

   

$

0.24

   

Diluted Earnings Per Common Share

 

$

0.68

   

$

0.23

   

Special Items, Diluted Earnings Per Common Share

   

(0.01)

     

(0.01)

   

Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Common Share

 

$

0.69

   

$

0.24

   

Reconciliation of Effective Tax Rate to Adjusted Effective Tax Rate

             

Effective tax rate

   

28.5

%

   

33.1

%

 

Impact on effective tax rate as a result of Special Items

   

0.1

%

   

0.4

%

 

Adjusted effective tax rate

   

28.4

%

   

32.7

%

 

 

Net income, along with the reconciliation to Adjusted EBITDA, is presented below:

   

Quarter Ended

   
   

3/31/2023

   

3/31/2022

   

Reconciliation of Net Income to Adjusted EBITDA

             

Net Income – Yum China Holdings, Inc.

 

$

289

   

$

100

   

Net income – noncontrolling interests

   

24

     

10

   

Equity in net (earnings) losses from equity method investments

   

(1)

     

1

   

Income tax provision

   

125

     

55

   

Interest income, net

   

(38)

     

(12)

   

Investment loss

   

17

     

37

   

Operating Profit

   

416

     

191

   

Special Items, Operating Profit

   

3

     

2

   

Adjusted Operating Profit

   

419

     

193

   

Depreciation and amortization

   

116

     

164

   

Store impairment charges

   

4

     

8

   

Adjusted EBITDA

 

$

539

   

$

365

   

 

Details of Special Items are presented below:

   

Quarter Ended

   
   

3/31/2023

   

3/31/2022

   

Share-based compensation expense for Partner PSU Awards(1)

 

$

(3)

   

$

(2)

   

Special Items, Operating Profit

   

(3)

     

(2)

   

Tax effect on Special Items(2)

   

     

   

Special Items, net income – including noncontrolling interests

   

(3)

     

(2)

   

Special Items, net income – noncontrolling interests

   

     

   

Special Items, Net Income –Yum China Holdings, Inc.

 

$

(3)

   

$

(2)

   

Weighted-average Diluted Shares Outstanding (in millions)

   

423

     

430

   

Special Items, Diluted Earnings Per Common Share

 

$

(0.01)

   

$

(0.01)

   

 

(1)  In February 2020, the Company granted Partner PSU Awards to select employees who were deemed critical to the Company's execution of its strategic operating plan. These PSU awards will only vest if threshold performance goals are achieved over a four-year performance period, with the payout ranging from 0% to 200% of the target number of shares subject to the PSU awards. Partner PSU Awards were granted to address increased competition for executive talent, motivate transformational performance and encourage management retention. Given the unique nature of these grants, the Compensation Committee does not intend to grant similar, special grants to the same employees during the performance period. The impact from these special awards is excluded from metrics that management uses to assess the Company's performance.

(2)  The tax expense was determined based upon the nature, as well as the jurisdiction, of each Special Item at the applicable tax rate.

The Company excludes impact from Special Items for the purpose of evaluating performance internally. Special Items are not included in any of our segment results. In addition, the Company provides Adjusted EBITDA because we believe that investors and analysts may find it useful in measuring operating performance without regard to items such as equity in net earnings (losses) from equity method investments, income tax, interest income, net, investment gain or loss, depreciation and amortization, store impairment charges, and Special Items. Store impairment charges included as an adjustment item in Adjusted EBITDA primarily resulted from our semi-annual impairment evaluation of long-lived assets of individual restaurants, and additional impairment evaluation whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value of the assets may not be recoverable. If these restaurant-level assets were not impaired, depreciation of the assets would have been recorded and included in EBITDA. Therefore, store impairment charges were a non-cash item similar to depreciation and amortization of our long-lived assets of restaurants. The Company believes that investors and analyst may find it useful in measuring operating performance without regard to such non-cash item.

These adjusted measures are not intended to replace the presentation of our financial results in accordance with GAAP.  Rather, the Company believes that the presentation of these adjusted measures provides additional information to investors to facilitate the comparison of past and present results, excluding those items that the Company does not believe are indicative of our ongoing operations due to their nature. 

                                                   Unit Count by Brand

KFC

   

12/31/2022

   

New Builds

   

Closures

   

Refranchised

   

3/31/2023

 

Company-owned

   

8,214

     

191

     

(68)

     

(2)

     

8,335

 

Franchisees

   

880

     

25

     

(3)

     

2

     

904

 

Total

   

9,094

     

216

     

(71)

     

     

9,239

 

 

Pizza Hut

   

12/31/2022

   

New Builds

   

Closures

   

Refranchised

   

3/31/2023

 

Company-owned

   

2,760

     

103

     

(23)

     

(2)

     

2,838

 

Franchisees

   

143

     

1

     

(1)

     

2

     

145

 

Total

   

2,903

     

104

     

(24)

     

     

2,983

 

 

Others

   

12/31/2022

   

New Builds

   

Closures

   

3/31/2023

 

Company-owned

   

187

     

20

     

(6)

     

201

 

Franchisees

   

763

     

16

     

(22)

     

757

 

Total

   

950

     

36

     

(28)

     

958

 

 

 

Yum China Holdings, Inc.

Segment Results

(in US$ million)

(unaudited)

 
   

Quarter Ended 3/31/2023

 
   

KFC

   

Pizza Hut

   

All Other
Segments

   

Corporate
and
Unallocated(1)

   

Elimination

   

Total

 

Company sales

 

$

2,166

   

$

591

   

$

15

   

$

   

$

   

$

2,772

 

Franchise fees and income

   

17

     

2

     

6

     

     

     

25

 

Revenues from transactions with franchisees(2)

   

10

     

1

     

19

     

63

     

     

93

 

Other revenues

   

5

     

3